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Table 3.1: Employed and Unemployed Labour Force by Sex in Pakistan, 1997-98 and 1999-00 (in million)

 

1997-1998

1999-2000

Figure 3.1: Trend in Unemployment Rates by Sex, 1969 to 2000, Pakistan

 

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

Labour Force

31.76

6.44

38.2

33.18

6.22

39.4

  Empl-oyed

30.43

5.48

35.9

31.16

5.14

36.3

  Unempl-oyed

1.33

0.97

2.3

2.02

1.08

3.1

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Table 3.2: Civilian Labour Force, Employed and Unemployed by Provinces, Pakistan, 1999-00 (in millions)

 

Labour Force

Employed

Unemployed

Figure 3.2: Employment by Sector, 1997-98 & 1999-00, Pakistan

Pakistan

39.4

36.32

3.08

  Balochistan

1.4

1.3

0.1

  NWFP

4.53

3.99

0.54

  Punjab

25.79

23.59

2.2

  Sindh

7.68

7.44

0.24

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Table 3.3: Civilian Labour Force by Provinces, Pakistan, 1999-00 (in millions)

 

Total

Rural

Urban

Pakistan

39.4

27.72

11.68

  Balochistan

1.4

1.19

0.21

  NWFP

4.53

3.81

0.72

  Punjab

25.79

18.47

7.32

  Sindh

7.68

4.25

3.43

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Table 3.4: Crude Activity Rates by Sex, Provinces and Rural/Urban, Pakistan 1999-00

 

Pakistan

Balochistan

NWFP

Punjab

Sindh

Figure 3.3: Trend in Crude Activity Rates by Sex, 1966 to 2000, Pakistan

Overall

29

24.2

24.8

31.6

25.4

  Male

47.6

44.3

41.1

50.6

44.4

  Female

9.3

3.0

7.9

11.8

4.4

Urban

27.1

21.7

24.7

29.6

23.8

  Male

46.5

38.1

42.5

49.4

43.0

  Female

6.3

3.2

5.2

8.6

2.7

Rural

29.8

24.7

24.8

32.4

26.9

  Male

48.2

45.6

40.8

51.1

45.6

  Female

10.7

3.0

8.4

13.2

6.0

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Table 3.5: Refined Activity Rates by Sex, Provinces and Rural/Urban, Pakistan 1999-00

 

Pakistan

Baloch

istan

NWFP

Punjab

Sindh

Figure 3.4: Trend in Refined Activity Rates by Sex, 1966 to 2000, Pakistan

Overall

42.8

39.2

38.7

45.2

39.1

  Male

70.4

69.0

65.4

72.7

67.0

  Female

13.7

5.1

12.1

16.8

6.9

Urban

38.1

34.0

36

40.9

33.9

  Male

65.0

59.1

62.8

68.2

60.4

  Female

8.8

5.0

7.4

11.8

3.9

Rural

45.1

40.3

39.3

47.1

44.5

  Male

73.1

71.1

66.0

74.8

73.9

  Female

16.1

5.1

13.1

19.0

10.2

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Table 3.6: Age Specific Activity Rates by Sex, Pakistan, 1999-00

Age Group

Both

Male

Female

10-14

10.9

18.3

2.8

15-19

33.9

58.3

7.2

20-24

49.6

85.2

14.1

25-29

53.8

95.8

18.2

30-34

55.7

97.1

19.5

35-39

59.2

97.6

21.2

40-44

60.8

97.5

22.3

45-49

62.3

96.7

22.7

50-54

59.2

94.9

19.5

55-59

56.5

90.6

17.8

60 +

40.9

60.7

13.0

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Table 3.7: Percentage Distribution of Employed by Major Industry Divisions and Sex, Pakistan, 1999-00

 

Pakistan

Rural

Urban

Major Industry Division

Overall

Male

Female

Overall

Male

Female

Overall

Male

Female

  Total

100

86.0

14.0

71.03

59.54

11.49

28.97

26.46

2.51

Agriculture, Forestry, Hunting and Fishing

48.42

44.4

72.9

65.8

61.8

86.9

5.7

5.4

9.2

Mining and Quarrying

0.07

0.1

0.0

0.1

0.1

0.0

0.1

0.1

0.0

Manufacturing

11.48

12.0

8.4

6.5

6.8

4.6

23.8

23.6

25.5

Electricity, Gas and Water

0.7

0.8

0.1

0.5

0.5

0.1

1.3

1.4

0.4

Construction

5.78

6.6

0.5

5.6

6.6

0.4

6.3

6.8

0.8

Wholesale and Retail Trade and Restaurants and Hotels

13.5

15.3

2.6

8.0

9.2

1.7

27.1

29.0

6.0

Transport, Storage and Communication

5.03

5.8

0.2

3.8

4.6

0.1

7.9

8.6

0.8

Financing, Insurance, Real Estate and Business Services

0.82

0.9

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.0

2.3

2.5

1.2

Community, Social and Personal Services

14.2

14.0

15.1

9.6

10.2

6.1

25.5

22.6

56.6

 

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

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Table 3.8: Percentage Distribution of Employed by Major Occupation Groups and Sex, Pakistan, 1999-00

 

Pakistan

Rural

Urban

Major Occupation Groups

Overall

Male

Female

Overall

Male

Female

Overall

Male

Female

  Total

100.00

86.00

14.00

71.03

59.54

11.49

28.97

26.46

2.51

Legislators, Senior Officials and Managers

11.00

12.40

2.30

6.40

7.30

1.70

22.30

23.80

5.20

Professionals

2.21

2.20

2.40

1.40

1.50

0.40

4.30

3.70

11.20

Technicians and Associate Professionals

4.17

3.80

6.40

3.00

3.00

2.90

7.10

5.70

22.30

Clerks

1.56

1.80

0.20

0.70

0.80

0.10

3.70

4.00

1.20

Service Workers and Shop and Market Sales Workers

4.58

5.30

0.40

3.00

3.60

0.20

8.40

9.10

1.60

Skilled Agricultural and Fishery Workers

40.03

37.40

56.40

54.50

51.90

67.50

4.70

4.50

5.60

Craft and Related Trade Workers

15.05

15.90

9.60

9.60

10.40

5.70

28.30

28.40

27.90

Plant and Machine Operators and Assemblers

3.28

3.80

0.20

2.40

2.90

0.20

5.30

5.80

0.40

Elementary Occupations (Unskilled)

18.13

17.50

22.10

19.10

18.60

21.50

15.80

15.00

24.70

 

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

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